The appointment of the John Paul Academy head was made by the council’s own appointments committee at a meeting of the authority in Woodhill House.
Mr Docherty became head teacher at John Paul Academy in September 2008 following five years as depute head teacher at St Andrew’s High School in Clydebank.
Mr Docherty began his teaching career in 1992 as a teacher of Physics and Maths at St Leonard’s Secondary in Glasgow.
Strategic tasks will include head teacher leadership and management, pupil support, work with national groups, and areas of curricular development.
Appointments Committee chair Councillor Jim Gifford said: “We are delighted to welcome Vincent to Aberdeenshire Council.
“His skills and experience will add to the excellent senior management team within the Education, Learning and Leisure Service.
“I would like to wish him all the best in his new role and I am confident he is the right person to improve outcomes for children and their families across Aberdeenshire.”
Chair of the education, learning and leisure committee, Councillor Isobel Davidson said: “Vincent has devoted all his working life to teaching young people.
“He has transformed his current school to become a successful Glasgow school and participated in planning the wider Glasgow curriculum.
“His enthusiasm and knowledge will be invaluable to Aberdeenshire Council,” she added.
For more information on the council’s education, learning and leisure service, please visit Aberdeenshire Council online at www.aberdeenshire.gov.uk.